Two-year independent study on composition of
hundreds of "scrubber" wash-water samples provides hard scientific evidence
that company's Advanced Air Quality Systems are well within compliance of IMO's
most stringent wash-water quality guidelines
also finds favorable comparisons to major national and international water
quality benchmark standards, including drinking water, further confirming
safety and quality of wash water
MIAMI (March 6, 2019) – Carnival
Corporation & plc (NYSE/LSE: CCL; NYSE: CUK), the world's largest leisure
travel company, released the results of an independent, two-year scientific wash-water
study that shows the company's Advanced Air Quality Systems are a safe and
effective means for compliance with the International Maritime Organization's (IMO)
2020 requirements, which include regulations for cleaner air emissions and strict
wash-water quality standards.
The study also concluded that the wash-water samples from the
Advanced Air Quality Systems – known in the industry as exhaust gas cleaning
systems (EGCS) or "scrubbers" – were below the limits set by several major
national and international water quality and land-based water discharge
standards to provide further proof of the quality and safety of the wash water,
even when compared to criteria like drinking water.
Focused specifically on analyzing the composition and quality of wash
water from Advanced Air Quality Systems, the two-year study included 281
wash-water samples from 53 Carnival Corporation ships equipped with the
systems, creating the largest wash-water data set in the marine industry.
samples were analyzed for 54 parameters by independent laboratories accredited
by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), using standardized
EPA methods. Following the lab phase, DNV GL, a leading classification society
and recognized advisor for the maritime industry, reviewed
the laboratory test data, comparing the results to major point source discharge
limits and water quality standards.
In February, the independent study results
were presented publicly at a technical conference for Clean Shipping Alliance
2020 (CSA 2020), a group of leading companies
from the commercial shipping and cruise industries committed to complying with
2020 fuel requirements through the development and use of exhaust gas cleaning
Specific to IMO wash-water requirements, the
study confirmed results from previous studies showing the quality of the water
used in the Advanced Air Quality Systems process was
always far below the IMO monitoring limits for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
(PAHs) and the annual limits for nitrates. In fact, when measured against IMO
standards, the average wash-water test results in this study were over 90 percent lower than maximum allowable
levels. In many cases, the materials were completely undetectable in the
laboratory testing process.
Additionally, the report compared the samples to selected national and international
water quality benchmark standards, including the German Waste Water Ordinance,
the EU Industrial Emissions Directive and the Surface Water Standards of the EU's Water
Framework Directive. The World Health Organization's (WHO) drinking water guidelines
were also evaluated. The Advanced Air Quality Systems
test results compared favorably with all of these major benchmark standards,
demonstrating that the composition of the water was not only consistently below,
but in most cases, significantly below the most stringent limits.
"We are pleased to see the positive results
of this multi-year study, which included in-depth analysis and review from
respected independent experts, demonstrating the overall quality of our Advanced
Air Quality Systems wash water and further confirming the IMO's acceptance
of these systems for 2020 regulatory compliance," said Mike Kaczmarek, senior
vice president for marine technology for Carnival Corporation. "Based on
extensive emissions testing, we know that our Advanced Air Quality Systems
in some ways outperform marine gasoil (MGO) in providing
cleaner air emissions. And although we have known for a long time that the
quality of water being returned to the sea is at a high level, based on our
years of development of this data set, it was important to release the findings
publicly as the latest scientific evidence showing the actual water quality.
This is completely consistent with the commitments we have made to our sustainability
goals, and to protecting the ocean environment and the destinations we visit
around the world."
Kaczmarek added: "Comparing scrubber wash water to both existing
IMO requirements and also various other major water standards is useful to
provide an informed perspective and to illustrate wash-water quality in a way
that is easy to understand. These comparisons also provide relatable criteria
for a number of specific parameters for Advanced Air Quality Systems, such as
PAH concentrations, that are included within these standards."
Carnival Corporation has installed Advanced
Air Quality Systems on over 70 ships in its fleet, and combined
with the industry-leading adoption of liquefied natural gas (LNG), shorepower and
other sustainability initiatives, the company remains committed to leading the
marine industry in meeting and exceeding all established standards for
performance and environmental protections.
Kaczmarek concluded: "We are committed to consistently exceeding
the expectations of our guests for great vacations, and at the same time, we
are committed to operating responsibly, as our very existence is tied to
protecting the oceans, local waters and communities in
which we operate. With more than 120,000 employees, most of whom live and work
at sea, our commitment to protecting and maintaining healthy oceans, seas and
local communities is not just an operating necessity. For us, it is simply the
right thing to do, and we take great pride in our commitment to environmental
Building on much of the previous research on
the use of Advanced Air Quality Systems that has come
to similar conclusions about the quality of water that these systems return to
the sea – the scope of the current study strongly confirms the suitability of
these innovative systems to play an important, unrestricted role in compliance
with upcoming IMO 2020 regulations.
Other recent major studies addressing the environmental
performance of these systems in the marine environment include a June 2018
report by Japan's Ministry of Land, Infrastructure,
Transport and Tourism on the "Impact of EGCS on the Marine Environment," which
showed evidence strongly supporting scrubbers as a safe and effective option
for IMO 2020 compliance.
EDITOR'S NOTE: Carnival Corporation
Air Quality Systems study results and
details are available upon request. Also note, additional details on the
findings from Japan's EGCS report are publicly available and can also be sent
# # #
Corporation & plc
Corporation & plc is the world's largest leisure travel company and
among the most profitable and financially strong in the cruise and vacation
industries, with a portfolio of nine of the world's leading cruise lines. With
operations in North America, Australia, Europe and Asia, its
portfolio features Carnival Cruise Line, Princess Cruises, Holland America
Line, Seabourn, P&O Cruises (Australia), Costa Cruises, AIDA
Cruises, P&O Cruises (UK) and Cunard.
corporation's cruise lines operate 106 ships with 246,000 lower
berths visiting over 700 ports around the world, with 19 new ships
scheduled to be delivered through 2025. Carnival Corporation
& plc also operates Holland America Princess Alaska Tours, the leading
tour company in Alaska and the Canadian Yukon. Traded on both the New
York and London Stock Exchanges, Carnival Corporation & plc
is the only group in the world to be included in both the S&P 500 and the
FTSE 100 indices.
With a long
history of innovation and providing guests with extraordinary vacation
experiences, Carnival Corporation has received thousands of industry awards –
including recognition by the Consumer Technology Association™ as a CES® 2019
Innovation Awards Honoree for OceanMedallion™. A revolutionary wearable device
that contains a proprietary blend of communication technologies, OceanMedallion
enables the world's first interactive guest experience platform transforming
vacation travel on a large scale into a highly personalized level of customized
service. The prestigious CES Innovation Awards honor outstanding design and
engineering in consumer technology products.
information can be found on www.carnival.com, www.princess.com, www.hollandamerica.com, www.seabourn.com, www.pocruises.com.au, www.costacruise.com, www.aida.de, www.pocruises.com, and www.cunard.com.
Carnival Corporation Media Contacts
Roger Frizzell, Carnival Corporation, firstname.lastname@example.org, (305) 406-7862
Mike Flanagan, LDWW, email@example.com, (727) 452-4538
The Clean Shipping Alliance 2020 (CSA 2020) represents group of
leading companies from the commercial shipping and passenger ship industries
that have been leaders in emission control efforts through significant
investments in research and analysis, funding and committing resources to
comply with 2020 fuel requirements through the development and use of Exhaust
Gas Cleaning Systems (EGCS).
The Alliance was formed on 27th September 2018 with a mission to
provide information and research data to better inform industry and the wider
public. In addition to serving as an advocate for companies working to reduce
marine exhaust gas emissions, CSA 2020 will support the scheduled
implementation and effective enforcement of the International Maritime
Organization's (IMO) requirement for a 0.5 percent global sulphur cap on fuel
content as of January 1, 2020.
CSA 2020 currently has 34 member shipowners representing 30
shipping sectors and operating, collectively, more than 2000 vessels. Visit: https://www.cleanshippingalliance2020.org.
Patrik Wheater, Seaborne Communications, firstname.lastname@example.org, +44
(0)208 339 6149